We’re Not Going to Breach the Debt Ceiling

Here’s all you need to know about the debt ceiling:

  1. John Boehner knows how horrible it would be to breach the debt limit.
  2. John Boehner has the power to stop us from breaching it.
  3. John Boehner will not allow us to breach the debt ceiling.

It really is that simple, All of the talk around the debt limit is about how Boehner can sell a debt limit raise to his members in the best possible way. It has nothing to do whether he will actually raise it. This is even clearer today as Boehner and House Republican leaders have unveiled a new plan to increase the debt ceiling for a short period. There seem to be a couple of conditions on it – there’s no language yet so it’s unclear what exactly those will be. The White House reiterated as well today that it will only accept a clean debt ceiling increase, no conditions attached. Obama has correctly refused to negotiate over the debt ceiling and I’m confident that he will stick to his position.

As I’ve written before, Boehner could likely come to an agreement with Obama and Senate Democrats that raises the debt ceiling and passes a continuing resolution for a very minor concession (an agreement to negotiate on tax reform possibly). Obama will still stand firm in not negotiating over the debt limit, but a deal like that would be too good to pass up. He would basically receive a clean CR and clean debt ceiling raise for no substantial concessions. The problem for Boehner is not convincing Obama to accept such a deal. It’s convincing his caucus. That’s why he has spent the past ten days demanding that the White House negotiate while slowly ramping down his demands. It’s politicking.

The same thing is happening with this six-week debt ceiling increase. If we hit the debt ceiling deadline without an agreement over the government shutdown, Boehner will be forced to raise it without any concessions. That would be an embarrassing defeat and would infuriate the Tea Party. This short-term debt ceiling hike will give him another month and a half to prove to his conservative members that he’s doing everything in his power to fight the president. He has to come to an agreement over the budget while also raising the debt ceiling. This gives him more time to accomplish that.

Of course, he has to sell this six-week increase to his members as well. That’s why he’s including conditions on it. Without those, the Tea Party would be furious as well. But, as Greg Sargent reports, the White House isn’t going to agree to a short-term debt ceiling increase that’s tied to negotiations over the budget. That won’t happen. So, Boehner now has to rally support for a clean six-week raise that gives him more time to make a deal with the White House where he and Republicans get basically nothing. It’s a terrible position for the speaker to be in, but he doesn’t have a choice since he will not allow us to breach the debt ceiling. Boehner’s new plan just reinforces that message.

Boehner’s Shutdown Strategy is Working Out Pretty Well

Democrats are still underestimating this man.

Democrats are still underestimating this man.

We’re into the second week of the government shutdown and rapidly approaching the debt ceiling deadline. Republicans are overwhelmingly taking the blame for the shutdown and still have no leverage in the negotiations. Democrats are still unified in their support for a clean continuing resolution. That doesn’t sound like a good situation for Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) and his party, right? Wrong.

In fact, this shutdown has worked out pretty well for Boehner. He’s kept his party unified while slowly ramping down their demands. Liberals dismiss the importance of party unity too quickly. They have clamored for the past week that the speaker should bring a clean CR up in the House and allow a vote on it. Such a bill would likely pass (despite Boehner’s bizarre refutation of that yesterday) and the shutdown would end. But this ignores the political reality of the situation. Conservative Republicans would go crazy at such a move. They may try to challenge Boehner’s speakership. Club for Growth and other conservative organizations may immediately look to primary moderate Republicans who voted for the bill. If these outside groups didn’t have much power, then Boehner and moderate Republicans could ignore them. But they are powerful. They have money and an influential grassroots networks. The Tea Party can’t simply be brushed away as an inconvenience. This means that a clean CR is simply not an option. Liberals who call for Boehner to bring one to the floor are ignoring the political dynamics that exist in the Republican party.

Another positive for Boehner is that he has a successfully merged the government shutdown and debt ceiling fights. It quickly became apparent last week that any shutdown deal would have to raise the debt ceiling as well as there was not time for two fiscal fights. Yet, this is a huge win for the Republican Party. Whatever final deal that the parties work out, Republicans will be able to tell their constituents that they broke Obama’s promise not to negotiate on the debt limit. If Boehner had split his party in half and passed a clean CR, he would’ve faced a debt ceiling fight a few weeks later and Obama would have held firm on not negotiating. In the end, Boehner would have had to raise the debt ceiling without getting anything in return (or anything remotely substantial). He understands how catastrophic a default would be and would never have allowed it to happen. In order to show that he extracted concessions out of Obama for raising the debt ceiling, he had to combine that fight with the one over the budget. He has accomplished that as well.

The Republican party is also taking a political hit each day the shutdown continues, but it’s highly unlikely to threaten their majority in the House and that’s what really matters. It may make it more difficult for them to take back the Senate, but with Obama in office, a Republican Senate won’t accomplish anything anyways. Politically it might help them for the 2016 presidential election, but controlling both houses of Congress in 2014 won’t allow Republicans to accomplish much legislatively. If the shutdown truly risked their House majority, it would be a big deal, but it doesn’t. In addition, the piecemeal bills the House has passed to fund the politically toxic aspects of the shutdown have given Republicans a talking point they can use to deflect blame. The political consequences of this shutdown simply aren’t very large.

Part of that is because the shutdown is actually not that harmful. The negative economic effects are minimal, especially with half of the furloughed workers returning to work today and all of them receiving back pay for their missed work. In fact, 83% of government spending is happening as scheduled. That’s not to say that the other 17% is minimal. It isn’t. There are some truly terrible parts of this crisis – NIH patients not receiving cancer treatment and research ruined – but it’s a sad truth that the effects of the shutdown are limited. Most Americans aren’t feeling them and the national parks and monuments being closed – while frustrating and disappointing to many tourists – isn’t a big deal. The longer the shutdown continues, the more it will become a true crisis that requires an immediate solution. But it will likely be over in less than two weeks as both parties understand the need to find a solution before we breach the debt ceiling. The effects of a government shutdown from October 1st to October 17th aren’t that big.

Finally, Boehner may earn his party substantial policy concessions from Obama and Senate Democrats. If the speaker had listened to all those calling for a clean CR, he would’ve received the sequester level cuts and nothing else, including nothing in return for raising the debt ceiling. Now, he has already locked in sequestration and will receive something else for a combined deal on both the government shutdown and debt ceiling. That may be the repeal of the medical device tax, some larger deal with chained CPI or a mechanism to spur tax reform. Whatever it is, it’ll be more than he would’ve accomplished by passing a clean CR, all while keeping his party unified and limiting the negative political consequences of the shutdown. The Tea Party will likely be angry at the final deal as some are OK with breaching the debt limit, but Boehner and moderate Republicans can turn to them and say they did absolutely everything they could to fight Obama and Senate Democrats.

It’s easy for liberals to look at Boehner’s position and see a weak leader who has no strategy or endgame and is terrified of the Tea Party. That’s not an entirely wrong description, but it doesn’t mean he is ineffective and it ignores the fact that Boehner has accomplished quite a bit the past week. Once again, Democrats are underestimating him.

Debt Ceiling Negotiations Are Now Almost Unavoidable

Now that the government shutdown does not seem to be ending anytime soon, liberals are going to have to accept the fact that the debt ceiling is no longer non-negotiable, at least from a messaging standpoint. With both sides digging in, there seems to be little hope of solving the government shutdown before October 17 when we hit the debt limit. That means that any negotiations over a continuing resolution – which will happen eventually – will also have to include a debt ceiling raise. From Politico today:

Reid is highly unlikely to accept a budget deal if it does not increase the debt ceiling, Democratic sources said Tuesday. If the House GOP won’t back the Senate’s stopgap plan by later this week, Democrats are prepared to argue that it makes little sense to agree to a short-term spending bill if Congress is forced to resolve another fiscal crisis in just a matter of days.

A White House official said Tuesday night that the president could get behind Reid’s strategy.

Across the Capitol, House Republicans were quickly coming to a similar conclusion. Republicans were internally weighing including a debt ceiling hike in their demands to convene a House-Senate conference committee to discuss a bill to reopen the government. In the coming days, the GOP leadership is likely to change its rhetoric, with Republicans arguing about government funding and the debt ceiling in the same breath.

The two issues are now inherently connected. The president can maintain his position that he will not negotiate over the debt ceiling, but it will be harder to prove that is the case. In a worst case scenario, Democrats actually do negotiate over the debt ceiling and it becomes a piece in the compromise. That would once against set precedent for the debt ceiling to be used as an extortion device. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) cannot let that happen.

But even the best case scenario is not very satisfying. In that situation, Reid declares that Congress must raise the debt limit and Republicans acquiesce. Except because of the tight schedule, the two sides continue negotiating over the CR. Eventually, they come to some type of agreement and both sides pass a bill with that includes a debt ceiling increase. In this case, the debt ceiling was never part of the negotiations and was never used as an extortion device, but that’s hard to prove. The media will analyze the deal as if it was part of a compromise. Republicans will head home to their constituents and say that they made the Democrats negotiate over the debt ceiling. They will say they broke President Obama’s no-negotiating position. Democrats will have no way to prove otherwise. It will be their word versus the Republican’s and the final deal will have a debt ceiling increase in it. Once again, the precedent will be set for using it as an extortion device.

There is one way to avoid all of this though: President Obama can unilaterally raise the debt ceiling. Unfortunately, this is highly unlikely to happen. The Administration ruled out using the 14th Amendment again yesterday and minting a trillion-dollar platinum coin seems even more absurd. Nevertheless, this would eliminate the need to raise the debt ceiling and prevent any negotiation over it. If Obama is really determined to not negotiate over the debt ceiling, he will look at both options carefully, because negotiating is now unavoidable.